Breaking Down the Phases: A Closer Look at PERM Processing Timeframes

Navigating the PERM (Program Electronic Review Management) process is a critical step for many employers and foreign nationals seeking employment-based green cards in the United States. This detailed article breaks down the various phases of PERM processing, focusing on the associated timeframes, and explores key terms such as “eta 9098 processing time,” “perm current processing time” “perm waiting time,” “perm application processing time,” “PERM processing time,” and “perm approval time.”

PERM Processing Time

Introduction to PERM

The PERM process is a procedure where the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) certifies that hiring a foreign worker will not adversely affect job opportunities, wages, and working conditions of U.S. workers. It’s the first step in the process for an employer to sponsor a green card for a foreign employee.

Phases of PERM Processing

Phase 1: Pre-Application Preparation

Before submitting the PERM application, employers must undertake a recruitment process to demonstrate that there are no willing, qualified, and available U.S. workers for the position. This includes advertising the job in various mediums. The time taken for this phase is not included in the “PERM processing time” but is critical for a successful application.

Phase 2: Filing ETA Form 9098

This is where the “eta 9098 processing time” begins. The employer files the ETA Form 9098 with the DOL. This form provides detailed information about the job offer, including duties, requirements, and the offered wage.

Phase 3: PERM Application Review

After the form is filed, the “perm application processing time” officially starts. The DOL reviews the application for its adherence to all regulations and the authenticity of the recruitment efforts.

Factors Affecting PERM Processing Times

1. Volume of Applications

The “perm current processing time” can fluctuate based on the number of applications the DOL receives. A higher volume typically leads to longer processing times due to the increased workload.

2. Complexity of the Application

Applications for positions with unusual requirements or higher salaries may require additional scrutiny, potentially extending the “perm waiting time.”

3. Audits

If a PERM application is selected for an audit, this significantly increases the “PERM processing time” Audits require employers to submit additional evidence and undergo a more rigorous examination process.

4. Administrative and Policy Changes

Changes in DOL’s policies or administrative procedures can impact the “perm approval time.” For instance, new regulations or changes in the political landscape can affect how applications are processed.

Understanding PERM Processing Timeframes

As of the latest data, the “perm current processing time” varies and can range anywhere from a few months to over a year. It’s important for employers and applicants to stay updated on these trends for better planning.

Average Processing Times

The average “perm application processing time” typically encompasses several months. This timeframe can be longer if the application is audited or if there are complications or issues with the application.

Waiting Periods

The “perm waiting time” refers to the entire duration from submitting the application to the final decision. This period includes both the processing time and any additional time for audits or responses to DOL queries.

Approval Timelines

The “perm approval time” is a subset of the overall processing time and can vary based on the individual case’s complexity and whether it undergoes an audit.

Strategies to Optimize PERM Processing

Early and Accurate Submission

Submitting the ETA Form 9098 accurately and as early as possible can help streamline the process, potentially reducing the “eta 9098 processing time.”

Preparing for Audits

Being prepared for the possibility of an audit by keeping thorough records can help expedite this phase if it occurs, thus impacting the overall “PERM processing time.”

Regular Monitoring

Regularly checking the status of the application and being responsive to any DOL inquiries can help reduce delays in the “perm waiting time.”

Seeking Expertise

Engaging with experienced immigration attorneys can provide insights and assistance in navigating the complexities of the PERM process, potentially affecting the “perm application processing time.”


Understanding the various phases and factors influencing PERM processing times is essential for employers and foreign nationals engaged in this process. While some aspects of the “perm current processing time” and “perm approval time” are beyond the control of applicants, a proactive approach, thorough preparation, and staying informed about current trends can significantly aid in managing expectations and efficiently navigating the PERM process. Employers should be prepared for a range of timeframes and plan accordingly to ensure a successful outcome.